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« Un siècle de revues scientifiques en ligne | Accueil | La conception des contenus numériques de formation »


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le site n'est plus dispo, voilà ci-dessous, le texte en question :

Scientific Publishing and Peer-to-Peer Networks

Voice-over-IP and File Sharing are all well-known applications of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networks. There are of course others, such as exchanging specific content (for example, your contacts in Outlook - there's at lesat one company around can someone please bring up their name? Thanks!) or creating a complete groupware infrastructure on the basis of P2P frameworks (for example, Groove Networks). There even are a few scientific applications that are trying to build upon the P2P ideals.
Now, here is another idea that specifically addresses the scientific publishing crisis: Cut out the “middleman” (the publishers) and enable scientific authors to facilitate an easily accessible self-publishing environment based on P2P technologies tightly connected to the authoring environment.
The existing approaches do not seem to address the pre-publication workflow (such as reviewing etc.), and are usually connected with a commercial interest (development is often driven by university spin-offs). In addition, most of them focus on searching, finding, and retrieving information but lack strategies with respect to classical topics of librarians, such as preservation, metadata, and others.
Such a project would have to address the following areas:
• Speed: Research should be available as soon as the author wishes to publish the works. Unless the author decides otherwise, all material will be licensed in a way suitable to allow open access to the materials, maybe using an approach as is underway in Science Commons.
• Quality: Safeguards to establish quality control need to be implemented. These could be Peer-Review, Public Debate (Publications can be augmented by readers and others alike) or other methods. Of course, the drawback of this is that it slows down publication, so a method for non-reviewed access should also be implemented. Moreover, the proposed network needs to establish integral impact & access pattern analysis as a core component of the proposed network to avoid the nigritude ultramarine effect.
• Catalogs: The OAI approach should possibly be transferred into the P2P world, too, with catalogs being accessible at "super-nodes" to compensate for the failure of individual nodes.
• Search: extending existing approaches could benefit those with the necessary 'librarian' background
• Archiving: Mechanisms to ensure short- and long-term access would have to be devised given that fact that individual nodes of a P2P network may become unavailable really quick
• Extensibility: Open Source & Published APIs are mandatory to ascertain future additions as needed
• Misc.: Signatures (Integrity, Authentication, Authorization), Print on Demand, Corporate Identity, ...
In general, the proposed project deals with the current state of scientific publishing (note that the above description does not limit the term "publication" to text-only publications despite the fact that there's talk of "authors", "readers" and suchlike). As of today, creators, consumers, libraries, and publishers form a symbiotic circle using the Internet for their purposes. From the viewpoint of an author, publishers are often necessary to ensure quality and create awareness. Libraries help to achieve accessibility, maintain integrity, and ascertain durability. The Internet allows to establish timely access and to accomplish searching & finding information. The problems of such a symbiosis are well-known: it is expensive to maintain in many ways, difficult to measure impact, and access is often mediated in ways which neither are as would have been suggested by the original producer nor as would be desired by the intended audience. Building a platform that uses Creative Commons licensing as an integral part might be just the way out of this misery - with legal issues being another major research item within the proposed project.
Taking a leap instead of tiny steps might very well be a way to avoid trouble. Now is the time to embrace new paradigms and to consider becoming true digitarians!

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